What is Form 4?

2 February 2023
SEC form 4

Form 4 is a document that is filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) whenever an insider of a publicly traded company buys or sells shares of that company's stock. The form is used to provide transparency and disclosure to investors about the trading activities of the company's insiders, including executives and directors. This information can help investors make more informed decisions about the company's stock, as it provides insight into the company's financial performance and future prospects.

Form 4 is required to be filed within two business days of the transaction, and must include information about the insider's name, the number of shares purchased or sold, the purchase or sale price, and the date of the transaction. This information is publicly available.

In order to determine whether an insider's trade is worth paying attention to, it's important to consider the context of the trade. For example, if an insider is purchasing shares of the company's stock, it may be a sign that the company is doing well and that the stock price is likely to rise. However, there are many factors that can influence an insider's trading decisions, and it's important to consider all of the information available before making any investment decisions.

In addition to Form 4, there are several other SEC filings that provide important information about publicly traded companies. For example, the annual report, or 10-K, provides information about the company's financial performance and outlook, while the proxy statement provides information about the company's management and governance structure.


In summary, Form 4 is a valuable tool for investors looking to stay informed about the insider trading activities of publicly traded companies. By paying attention to Form 4 filings, investors can make more informed investment decisions and potentially identify undervalued companies with strong growth prospects. However, it's important to consider the context of the insider's trade, as well as other relevant information, before making any investment decisions.

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